The status of residence categorizes legally clarifies activities that foreign nationals who enter and stay in Japan can engage in or statuses or positions which allow foreign nationals to enter and stay in Japan. There are 30 types of status of residence at present.
The period of stay refers to the period during which foreign nationals with any of the status of residence can stay in Japan. The permitted period is specified for each status of residence. A foreign national may engage in activities within the scope of the status of residence and period of stay permitted to him/her.
(source: Immigration Services Agency of Japan)